Romanian Journal of History and International Studies http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis <p>The<em><strong>&nbsp;Romanian</strong></em><em><strong>&nbsp;Journal of History and International Studies&nbsp;</strong></em>aims to reach students, professors, and researchers who wish to deepen their understanding on the topics the journal approaches. One of the primary objectives of the journal is to stimulate research initiatives in Romanian academia and to promote interaction among social science disciplines. The Romanian Journal of History and International Studies aims to act as a scientific platform for dialogue and interdisciplinary research in order to support and promote academic debate in the field of social sciences.</p> <p>Using an interdisciplinary and transversal approach, RJHIS&nbsp;<strong>aims</strong>&nbsp;to provide a forum for academic debate within the field of history and its related&nbsp;disciplines. Our objective is to encourage academics in engaging more fully with subjects explaining issues concerning not only the past but the present. By doing so RJHIS&nbsp;aims to promote both new subjects of History and innovative ways of addressing its knowledge.</p> <p>RJHIS invites students, early-career researchers, and professionals to submit papers for its forthcoming issues. RJHIS welcomes articles and book reviews from a broad range of disciplines, including international history, international law, diplomacy, theory of international relations, European studies, world economy, among others.</p> <p>The Romanian Journal of History and International Studies is&nbsp;<strong>biannually published</strong>&nbsp;by the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.literati.ro/"><strong>Literati Association</strong></a>, in collaboration with the&nbsp;<strong>Center for Euro-Atlantic Studies and the&nbsp;<a href="http://istorie.unibuc.ro/departamente/istorie-universala-si-relatii-internationale">Department of International Relations and World History at the Faculty of History, University of Bucharest.</a></strong></p> en-US contact@rjhis.ro (Alin-Victor Matei) contact@rjhis.ro (Victor Popa) Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.1.0.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Can Constructive Dailogue Alone Solve Zambia's Problems? http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/193 <p><em>This paper examines the donor/partnership relationships of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID/Zambia) and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) Zambia with local non-governmental organisations - the Foundation for Democratic Process (FODEP) and the Southern Africa Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (SACCORD) respectively on how the Western entities use public diplomacy and smart power as vehicles to alleviate electoral violence;</em> <em>the paper looks at what dialoguing efforts have been made by Zambian political parties and other actors in the period 2011 to 2016 to minimise political violence. The study was a case study of FODEP and SACCORD members. Primary data was gathered using semi-structured questionnaires; interviews with staff at the local NGOs and with USAID/Zambia and FES Zambia employees were done. Secondary research was also conducted; the data was analysed using triangulation method. The findings are that Zambia’s democratic credibility in Africa is regressing due to conflicting political parties inability to dialogue over differences; and that</em> <em>USAID/Zambia and FES Zambia, FODEP and SACCORD need to increase their efforts to eradicate electoral violence by sponsoring and carrying out more effective communications programs targeting poor, uneducated male-youths from shanty compounds. </em></p> Hilda Sangwa Schwaiger ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/193 Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Constructing Narratives through Storytelling http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/37 <p><em>Very little investigation is done on refugees in Estonia and their construction of narratives in a new society. Refugees portray their memories of their own country while in exile in order to create their present individuality in a new land and to adapt to a new culture. This paper attempts to investigate refugees placed at a refugee accommodation centre and to analyze their present and past memories and stories to associating them with their coping mechanism. Using qualitative methods such as in-depth interviews, this paper brings out the argument that, in spite of being displaced from their homeland, refugees portray their country of origin via idyllic stories; family and community life are emphasized with the contrast of individualism. This paper argues that specific narratives can produce doubly-marginalized people, while at the same time, stories and memories from the past are significant for developing agency, so as to establish counter narratives. </em></p> Aminul Islam ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/37 Mon, 30 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 The 2014 Teluk Intan Parliamentary By-Election in Malaysia http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/174 <p><em>Democracy, by definition, is fit to be perceived as the equality of political right. The 2014 Teluk Intan parliamentary by-election contributed towards improving the indicator of democracy. This by-election also witnessed a direct contest between GERAKAN, one of BN component parties, and DAP, a member of the opposition PR coalitions. This paper analyses that this by-election had posed serious formidable challenges for both competing parties. It also looks at the campaign strategies and issues during the ongoing campaign sessions. The result, however, did not reflect the expectations held by the DAP, as it thought that it could maintain the present status quo. The study concluded that, instead of achieving electoral victory, DAP was caught in its internal unexpected crisis, irrespective of the PR coalition members, and, thus, failed to retain its former seat within the context of parliamentary democracy.</em></p> Ariff Aizuddin Azlan, Mohammad Tawfik Yaakub ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/174 Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Teohari Georgescu: a short biography of the minister who transformed Romania into a communist state http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/187 <p><em>One of the first communists who received a portfolio in the Romanian Government was Teohari Georgescu. Working as a printer, as well as being a dedicated communist, he managed to become, in a few years, the Minister of Interior Affairs in Petru Groza’s Cabinet. In this paper, we were able to mark a few of the most important moments in Teohari Georgescu’s life and career, also revealing information on his purge, after being in charge of the Ministry of Interior Affairs for a few years. </em>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Cristian Culiciu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/187 Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Housing ‘Lunatics’ in Nigeria: A Study in the History of Eco-Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/185 <p><em>Housing people with mental disorders has been a long-standing problem in Nigeria since the colonial era. Whereas biomedical and social analysis of psychiatric administration in Nigeria exists, these studies are lacking in historical, ecological and epidemiological perspectives. Thus, this paper discusses the trend of accommodating the mentally ill in Nigeria in the context of eco-psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. Underpinned by the historical analysis of colonial administrative and medical records, personal observations, interviews, newspaper reports and the literature, this work concludes that the contemporary challenges to mental health management in Nigeria are rooted in the colonial transformation and intervention that focuses solely on confinement as a tool of psychiatric epidemic control. Hence, the provision of social security schemes and the establishment of appropriate up-to-date psychiatric facilities in Nigeria are important in the face of the socioeconomic pressure of modern life.</em></p> Olukayode A. Faleye ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/185 Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 The ECOWAS 2020 Transformational Vision: Content, Context, Issues and Prospects http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/181 <p><em>This article examines the content, contexts and issues in the ECOWAS 2020 Transformational Vision with the goal of outlining the prospects for its actualization. Following an extensive review of extant literature on regional integration as well as relevant studies on regional integration in West Africa, the article argues that that as long as the structures that, in the last four decades, have worked to frustrate the ECOWAS’ goal of an integrated community are still alive and active, the 2020 Transformational Vision, though an ambitious agenda, going by the philosophical ideas undergirding it, like similar ideas and visions of the distant and recent past, is likely to be unrealizable. It concludes that the 2020 Vision should be viewed as another ‘development tokenism’ by the sub-region’s statesmen and policymakers to appease radical voices in the sub-region and not really as an attempt to democratize regional development. </em></p> Adeniyi Semiu Basiru, Olusesan Adewunmi Osunkoya ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/181 Fri, 01 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Toponyms in the Jos Plateau and the impact on intergroup relations: an ethno-historical perspective http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/182 <p><em>The history of the Jos Plateau area in the past two decades has been characterized by irresolvable crises and conflicts. These conflicts have multifactorial reasons like politics, religion, and economy. To this list the toponymic factor can be added. Indeed, for the past fifteen years since September 2001, intergroup relationships especially between the Hausa and “indigenes” or, what others erroneously see as Muslims versus Christians, have been marred by internecine crises. The result has been the destruction of lives and property, mutual suspicion, migrations, relocation of settlements, change in settlement patterns and re-naming of settlements. In light of this, the paper looks at one of the manifestations of this conflict, which is the counter-naming or renaming of some settlements in Jos Plateau area in order to claim historical ownership of settlements. This paper aims to prove that the current situation portends danger to national cohesion, development, free movements and association of people in the Jos Plateau.</em></p> Andrew Maren Borok, Paul Kolade Tubi, DR ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/182 Thu, 28 Dec 2017 02:37:50 +0200 Stephen Kotkin, Stalin. Volume I. Paradoxes of Power, 1878-1928, Penguin Press, New York, 2014, 976 p. http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/199 <p>Stephen Kotkin is one of the few historians who are well known even outside academia. And for good reasons, indeed. His contributions, especially <em>Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization</em> or <em>Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000</em>, created important debates about the Soviet regime and are regarded as very influential in promoting a new paradigm for Soviet studies: the post-revisionism. The main paradigm-shift (using Thomas Kuhn`s concept) made was to include into historical inquire all the various ways in which individuals adapted to the political regime, as Kotkin himself defined socialism not only as a political arragement of institutions and practices, but as a experience, lived differently by different actors, in various contexts.</p> Ionuț Mircea Marcu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 http://rjhis.ro/ojs/index.php/rjhis/article/view/199 Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200